Transfusion medicine (TM) is a field of medicine dealing with the removal and/or transfusion of blood or blood components. Traditionally, TM has been thought of as just blood collection, pretransfusion testing, and blood administration. The blood bank community goes to great lengths to ensure that blood component transfusions are safe and achieve the desired outcome. However, modern TM is so much more than blood banking. The future of TM lies in cellular therapies: the collection, processing, and infusion of bone marrow, peripheral blood stem cells, cord blood, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells). This chapter provides images and tables to provide insight into the exciting field of TM and cellular therapy.Apheresis is a lead in the department of transfusion medicine.It is a technique in which whole blood is taken and separated extracorporealy, separating the portion desired from the remaining blood.Apheresis technique can be used for donation and as well as for therapeutic purposes.
Donations - Plateletpheresis, Plasmapheresis, Granulocytaphereis, Stem cell apheresis
Therapeutic indication- Therapeutic Plasma Exchange (TPE), Erythrocytapheresis, Thrombocytapheresis, Leukacytapheresis, Cascade Plasmapheresis, Immuno-adsorption, Lipid apheresis- LP, Photopheresis -ECP, Rheopheresis
Also the latest techniques of cryopreservation, ROTEM, Massive Transfusion Protocol and management and latest immunohematological investigations provides light to the advanced technologies in the clinical management of patients.